Antibodies are fascinating proteins. They are produced naturally as part of the immune system response to infection by viruses or bacteria, as well as to protect against the development of other diseases such as cancer.
Antibodies also bind to their targets with very high specificity and affinity, which has led to its development as a very important research tool. Antibodies (Abs) are proteins that belong to a family of proteins called immunoglobulins (Igs). To know more about recombinant antibodies, you can visit https://www.bosterbio.com/featured-products.
Antibodies are naturally produced by lymphocytes, usually in response to infection by microorganisms such as bacteria or viruses, and are an integral part of the immune system.
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The most common type of antibody produced by humans is a protein called immunoglobulin G (IgG). The molecule that an antibody recognizes and attaches to is called an antigen. Antibody-antigen interactions are very specific and very strong.
Due to the high affinity and specificity between antibody and antigen, Abs is also developed as an important tool that is widely used in research experiments. Since those early days, the use of antibodies in research has evolved into different types of experiments.
Three main types of antibodies are currently used in research and clinical applications: monoclonal, polyclonal, and recombinant antibodies. Each type of antibody exhibits different benefits depending on the end-use.