A moist and warm oral environment is very conducive for bacteria growth and it can manifest in a number of ways. Plaque is the film formed on your teeth by the bacteria colonies in your mouth. This plaque actually produces an acid that can damage your teeth and gums. If this plaque isn't removed on time, the bacterial colonies calcify & they then mineralize into a very tough substance called tartar; this attracts even more bacteria.
Bacteria that are in an active, destructive state cause gum disease called gingivitis. If this condition isn't addressed in time, it leads to periodontitis. This is a severe form of gum disease that attacks the bone which houses your teeth. This results in bone loss; eventually your teeth may even fall out as they don't have a solid foundation to hold them down.
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Types of Dental Cleanings
Regardless of how regular you are at maintaining your dental hygiene, plaque has a way of forming on the teeth over a period of time. It's best to get your teeth professionally cleaned by your dentist, at least twice a year. This helps prevent the buildup of plaque and tartar on your teeth. Not many people are aware that there are different types of professional teeth cleanings, such as:
• Prophylaxis – This type of teeth cleaning removes the built-up plaque that you won't be able to remove by regular brushing at home. This process includes tooth polishing. Based on new data, dentists now recommend that professional teeth cleaning should be done every 8-16 weeks
Tools Used: Fine hand instruments, ultrasonic scale, polishing cup and paste.
• Full Mouth Debridment – If your teeth haven't been professionally cleaned for over a year, there is bound to be a very heavy build-up of tartar. If there is significant amount of calculus build-up in different areas of the mouth, your dentist will tell you that full mouth debriment is necessary.